Charles Sturt University
Charles Sturt University

Sarah Masso

Proposed title

Polysyllable maturity of preschool children with speech sound disorders

Summary

Children who have difficulty 'talking and making speech sounds' may constitute up to 20% of preschool children in Australia (McLeod et al., 2013). Preschool-age children who have speech sound disorders are at significant risk of literacy difficulties (Lewis et al., 2002). The accurate identification of those children who will go on to have literacy difficulties is fundamental to providing targeted early intervention. Important skills associated with literacy acquisition is phonological awareness (Wagner & Torgesen, 1987) and, more broadly, phonological processing (Anthony et al., 2011). However, the nature of the relationship between children who have difficulty learning the perceptual difference between speech sounds, and those who have difficulty learning to read, requires further investigation. This research will be completed within this context of the Sound Start study (ARC DP130102545). The aims of this proposed study are to determine the nature of the relationship between children's speech errors, pre-literacy, and phonological processing skills in preschool children who have linguistically-based speech sound disorders.

Why I chose CSU

My interest in completing research in the area of children with speech sound disorders developed during my undergraduate degree and continued to grow while working as a speech pathologist with children in community health centres in Sydney. At the end of 2012, I was presented with an opportunity to meet with Prof. McLeod to discuss a recent ARC Discovery Grant which she, and four other researchers from Australia and the UK, had been awarded. I was excited by the opportunity to work towards finding answers to some of clinical questions I had developed over the previous 5 years. I have a keen interest in the underlying phonological processing of children with speech sound disorders and an interest in discovering, and understanding, the clinically-significant heterogeneity of this group. 

Engagement and memberships

Speech Pathology Australia

National Student Speech Language Hearing Association (in partnership with American Speech-Language-Hearing Association)

Publications

REFEREED JOURNAL ARTICLES

Masso, S., Baker, E., McLeod, S., & McCormack, J. (in press). Polysyllable productions in preschool children with speech sound disorders: Error categories and the Framework of Polysyllable Maturity. International Journal of Speech-Language Pathology. doi: 10.3109/17549507.2016.1168483

Masso, S., Baker, E., McLeod, S., & McCormack, J. (2014). Identifying phonological awareness difficulties in preschool children with speech sound disorders. Speech, Language and Hearing, 17(1), 58-68. doi: 10.1179/2050572813Y.0000000028

Masso, S., McCabe, T., & Baker, E. (2014). How children with phonological impairment respond to requests for clarification in polysyllables. Child Language Teaching and Therapy. 30(3), 367-382. doi:10.1177/0265659013516330

BOOK CHAPTERS

Masso, S., & Baker, E. (2015). Speech: Phonology. In S. McLeod & J. McCormack (Eds.) Introduction to speech, language, and literacy. Melbourne, Australia: Oxford University Press.

CONFERENCE PRESENTATIONS (peer reviewed abstracts)

McLeod, S., Baker, E., McCormack, J., Wren, Y., Roulstone, S., Crowe, K. & Masso, S. (2016, August - accepted). Sound Start Study: A community-based randomized controlled trial of Phoneme Factory Sound Sorter. Accepted for presentation at the International Association of Logopedics and Phoniatrics, Dublin, Ireland.

Crowe, K., Cumming, T., McCormack, J., McLeod, S., Masso, S., Baker, E., Wren, Y., Roulstone, S., & (2016, August - accepted). Sound Start Study: Early childhood educators' experiences of implementing Phoneme Factory Sound Sorter. Accepted for presentation at the International Association of Logopedics and Phoniatrics, Dublin, Ireland.

McLeod, S., Baker, E., McCormack, J., Wren, Y., Roulstone, S., Crowe, K. & Masso, S. (2016, June - accepted). Randomized controlled trial of Phoneme Factory Sound Sorter software addressing preschool children's speech and pre-literacy skills. Accepted for presentation at the International Clinical Phonetics and Linguistics Association, Halifax, Canada.

Masso, S., Baker, E., McLeod, S. & Wang, A. (2016, June - accepted). Understanding the relationship between polysyllable accuracy, receptive vocabulary, and phonological awareness in preschool children with speech sound disorders. Accepted for presentation at the International Clinical Phonetics and Linguistics Association, Halifax, Canada.

McLeod, S., Baker, E., McCormack, J., Wren, Y., Roulstone, S., Crowe, K., & Masso, S. (2016, May - accepted). Sound Start Study: Randomized controlled trial of software to enhance preschoolers' speech and pre-literacy skills. Accepted for presentation at the Speech Pathology Australia National Conference, Perth, Australia.

McCormack, J., Baker, E., Masso, S., McLeod, S., Crowe, K., Wren, Y., & Roulstone, S. (2016, May - accepted). Sound Start Study: Implementation of a computer-assisted intervention for children with speech sound disorders in Australian preschools. Accepted for presentation at the Speech Pathology Australia National Conference, Perth, Australia.

Baker, E., McLeod, S., Masso, S., Crowe, K., McCormack, J., Wren, Y., & Roulstone, S. (2016, May - accepted). Sound Start Study: The print knowledge of preschool children with speech sound disorders before and after intervention targeting speech and pre-literacy abilities. Accepted for presentation at the Speech Pathology Australia National Conference, Perth, Australia.

Masso, S., Baker, E., Wang, A., McLeod, S., McCormack, J., & Crowe, K. (2016, May - accepted). Sound Start Study: The relationship between polysyllable production and emergent literacy in preschool-aged children with speech sound disorders. Accepted for presentation at the Speech Pathology Australia National Conference, Perth, Australia.

Masso, S., Baker, E., McLeod, S., & McCormack, J. (2015). Assessment and analysis of polysyllables in children with speech sound disorders. American Speech-Language-Hearing Association convention, Denver.

Masso, S., Baker. E., & McLeod, S. (2015). The story of the echidna and the calculator: Using children's pronunciation of polysyllables to gain insight into their emergent literacy skills. Presented at the Australasian Human Development Association Conference, Wellington, New Zealand.

McLeod, S., Baker, E., McCormack, J., Wren, Y., Roulstone, S., Crowe, K., & Masso, S. (2015). Sound Start Study: A community-based randomized controlled trial for preschoolers with speech sound disorders. Symposium presented at the Speech Pathology Australia National Conference, Canberra, Australia.

McLeod, S., Crowe, K., White, P., Masso, S., Baker, E., McCormack, J., Wren, Y., & Roulstone, S. (2015). Sound Start Study: Preschool children's speech and language is of concern for more parents and teachers than other aspects of development. Presented at the Speech Pathology Australia National Conference, Canberra, Australia.

Baker, E., McLeod, S., Masso, S., Crowe, K., McCormack, J., Wren, Y., & Roulstone, S. (2015). Sound Start Study: The home literacy environment and print knowledge of preschool children with speech sound disorders. Presented at the Speech Pathology Australia National Conference, Canberra, Australia.

McCormack, J., Baker, E., McLeod, S., Crowe, K., Masso, S., Wren, Y., & Roulstone, S. (2015). Sound Start Study: How do children with speech sound disorders feel about their talking? Presented at the Speech Pathology Australia National Conference, Canberra, Australia.

Baker, E., McLeod, S., Masso, S., & Wren, Y. (2015). Sound Start Study: Dummies, bottles and thumb sucking in preschool children with speech sound disorders. Presented at the Speech Pathology Australia National Conference, Canberra, Australia.

Masso, S., Baker, E., McLeod, S., & McCormack, J. (2014) Phonological processing assessments in English for young children with speech sound disorders. Presented at International Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics Association Conference, Stockholm, Sweden. 

CONFERENCE POSTERS (peer reviewed abstracts)

Masso, S., Baker, E., McLeod, S., McCormack, J., & Crowe, K. (2015) Polysyllable production in preschool-aged children with speech sound disorders. Poster presented at the Speech Pathology Australia National Conference, Canberra, Australia.

Masso, S., Baker, E., McLeod, S., & McCormack, J. (2014) Assessment of phonological awareness in children with speech sound disorders: A systematic overview. Poster presented at the Speech Pathology Australia Conference, Melbourne, Australia.

McLeod, S., Crowe, K., Masso, S., Baker, E., McCormack, J., Wren, Y., & Roulstone, S. (2014). Talking and making speech sounds is of greater concern for parents and teachers of 4- to 5-year-old children than other aspects of development. Poster presented at the International Clinical Phonetics and Linguistics Association Conference, Stockholm, Sweden.

Masso, S., McCabe, P., & Baker, E. (2011). Polysyllable production in children with phonological impairment. Using requests for clarification to facilitate phonological change. Poster presented at the Speech Pathology Australia Conference, Darwin, Australia.