Charles Sturt University
Charles Sturt University

Associate Professor Peter Simmons

Associate Professor Peter Simmons

Peter is the Acting Associate Dean, Research and Associate Professor in Communication Research and Associate Head of SCCI in Bathurst. He lectures in organisational communication and public relations. He has also taught organisational communication in the UK and Singapore. Before joining CSU Peter specialised in organisational communication and strategic change management. He worked in advertising, media and government relations, employee communication, strategic planning and management, and public information campaigns.

Peter's research spans several areas including:

  • Communication management for organisations
  • Ways that people perceive fairness and legitimacy in professionals and organisations
  • Ways that community sentiment can be integrated in policy and decision processes
  • Communication to support coexistence between humans and other species.

Peter has presented his research across Australia and in Africa, Asia, Europe and the USA.

Peter's professional associations include:

  • Member International Communication Association
  • Member International Society of Justice Research
  • Member Australia and New Zealand Communication Association

Peter is on the editorial committees of:

  • Journal of Communication Management (book reviews editor)
  • Persona Studies

Peter is an occasional reviewer for several journals and conferences:

  • Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication - PR Division
  • Australia and New Zealand Communication Association
  • Australian Journal of Emergency Management
  • International Journal of Sport Communication
  • Journal of Communication Management
  • Journal of Quantitative Analysis in Sports
  • Prism Online PR Journal

Peter has a special interest in communicating for cooperation, and has researched extensively with sport referees: "What players want in a football referee" on YouTube

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Peter is an Associate Professor in Communication, specialising in organisational communication and public relations. His subject specialties include employee communication, research methods, stakeholder engagement, public relations and project management. He has also worked on teaching teams designing and delivering in-house training to strategic communication staff in some of Australia's leading organisations including the Australian Defence Forces, Australian Tax Office, Australian Mutual Provident and the Australian Human Rights Commission. He is particularly interested in links between communication and perceptions of credibility and legitimacy. Peter has also researched the links between perceptions of fairness and student satisfaction.

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Peter is particularly interested in the way professionals communicate fairness and legitimacy, and the ways that clients and users of services perceive fairness and legitimacy.  Much of his recent research links communication disciplines and practitioners with the theory and thousands of studies conducted in the field of organisational justice. His research interests span fairness and communication, government communication, the ethics of journalist and public relations interaction, public relations evaluation, and sport referee communication.

He has presented his research and findings in Africa, Asia, Australia, Europe and North America. In 2008 he was the first Australian to receive a Havelange Research Scholarship from FIFA.

Peter's research interests and publications include:

  • Understanding attitudes to culling kangaroos by analysing public Facebook discussions
  • Use of social media during a natural disaster in Saudi Arabia
  • A profile of communicators working in Australian local government and the consequences of different approaches to communication
  • The influence of fairness on university student feelings of satisfaction with lecturers, subjects and university
  • Relationships between journalists and military public relations in Iraq
  • "Fake news" and "Press release journalism"
  • Evaluation and research by Australian public relations practitioners
  • Prevention and management of player aggression by football referees
  • Player reactions to referee decisions in Spain, Malaysia, Australia and England

His research grants include:

  • Arts Faculty Compact: MASK: Conference on Performance and Performativity in the Communication Professions (2015)
  • Arts Faculty Compact: Writing and reporting research skills training (2013)
  • Arts Faculty Research Fellowship (2012)
  • ILWS Member Research Grant (2012)
  • Arts Faculty Research Committee Publication Grant (2011-12) Local government communication.
  • FIFA Switzerland. Joao Havelange Research Scholarship recipient (2008). Justice, Culture and Football Referee Communication.
  • Arts Faculty Research Committee Publication Grant (2007-8) Fields of Justice.
  • Arts Faculty Research Committee Seed Grant (2006-7) Fair Call: Player Perceptions of Football Referee Communication.
  • Arts Faculty Research Committee (2005). The ethics of press release journalism. Co researcher Edward Spence. Acquitted 2005.
  • Arts Faculty seed Grant (2003) Nationwide survey of the evaluation practices and attitudes of Public Relations Professionals. Acquitted 2004.
  • Commonwealth Department of Health and Aged Care Divisions and Project Grants Program (1998). Community liaison project. Supervised a study of consumer preferences in general practice. Acquitted 2000.
  • Divisions and project grants program (1998). Aboriginal community liaison project. An action research project to improve health services for Aboriginal people. Acquitted 2000.

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Peer Reviewed Papers

  • Simmons, P. (2017). Transparency and communication can improve wildlife welfare outcomes: A case of kangaroos. SHS Web Conf., 33 (2017) 00073 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1051/shsconf/20173300073
  • Simmons, P. and Mehmet, M. (2016). Cullers and Guardians: Subcultures, attitudes and culling kangaroos. Jurnal Komunikasi, Malaysian Journal of Communication, 32(2). http://ejournal.ukm.my/mjc Simmons, P. (2016). Walking as social and bodily readying for engagement with the environment. Fusion journal Issue 10. http://www.fusion-journal.com/wp-content/uploads/sites/28/2016/11/02-Simmons.pdf
  • Simmons, P. and Erskine, V. (2016). Public mission as strategy for future Australian local government communication. Australian Journalism Review, 38(2), 85-100.
  • Mehmet, M & Simmons, P. (2016): Kangaroo court? An analysis of social media justifications for attitudes to culling, Environmental communication, DOI: 10.1080/17524032.2016.1220966 Simmons, P. (2016). Listen, involve and represent: Identifying focus for local government communicators. PRism 11(1): http://www.prismjournal.org/homepage.html
  • Heaselgrave, F. & Simmons, P. (2016) Culture, competency and policy: Why social media dialogue is limited in Australian local government, Journal of Communication Management, Vol. 20 Iss: 2, pp.133 – 147. http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/JCOM-07-2015-0059
  • Fawkes, J. & Simmons, P. (2015) Introduction to 'Mask'. Special edition of fusion journal. http://www.fusion-journal.com/issue/007-fusion-mask-performance-performativity-and-communication/
  • Cunningham, I., Simmons, P., Mascarenhas, D. & Redhead, S. (2015) Skilled communication in officiating: an exploration of player differences in interaction. Movement and Sport Sciences, Special Edition: Officials in Sports, pp.7990.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/sm/2014021
  • Simmons, P. (2014) Challenges for Communicators in Future Australian Local Government. Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences. Volume 155, 6 November 2014, Pages 312–319 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1877042814057644
  • Al-Saggaf, Y. and Simmons, P. (2014) Disaster, social media and social change in Saudi Arabia. Technological forecasting and social change. pp 1-13. doi:10.1016/j.techfore.2014.08.013
  • Cunningham, I., Simmons, P., Mascarenhas, D. & Redhead, S. (2014). Concepts of communication and player management in the development of sport officials. International Journal of Sport Communication, 7(2), 166-187. http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/IJSC.2013-0098
  • Simmons, P., Dowell, D. & Small, F. (2013). The influence of fairness on university student satisfaction. The International Journal of Assessment and Evaluation. Vol 19. http://ijlae.cgpublisher.com/product/pub.251/prod.3
  • Simmons, P. & Small, F. (2012) Promotion, monitoring and strategic advice: professional communication in Australian local government. PRism public relations journal. PRism 9(1): http://www.prismjournal.org/homepage.html
  • Small F., Simmons, P. & Dowell, D. (2012) Teacher communication preferred over peer interaction: Student satisfaction with different tools in a virtual learning environment. Journal of International Education in Business.5(2), 114-128.
  • Simmons P. and Walsh, B. (2012) Public Relations and Organisational Justice: More fairness or just more cooperation, Public Relations Inquiry, 1(2), 141-158.
  • Simmons P. (2011) Competent, dependable and respectful: Football refereeing as a model for communicating fairness, Ethical Space: The International Journal of Communication Ethics. Vol 8 (3/4), 33-42.
  • Simmons P. and Walsh B. (2010) Disliking public relations: Democracy and the habits of ethical communicators, Ethical Space: The International Journal of Communication Ethics. Vol 7 (4) 13-19.
  • Simmons P. and Tiung L.K. (2010) Menjejaki keadilan, Budaya dan Komunikasi Pengadil Bola Sepak, (Exploring Justice, Culture and Football Referees- Communication). Akademika, Jurnal Sains Kemasyarakatan dan Kemanusiaan Asia Tenggara (Journal of Southeast Asia Social Sciences and Humanities) 79, 73-86.
  • Simmons P. (2010) Communicative displays as fairness heuristics: Strategic football referee communication, Australian Journal of Communication. 37(1).
  • Simmons P. (2007) Loath to Admit: Pressures on the ethical Disclosure of News Release Sources by Journalists. Ethical Space: The International Journal of Communication Ethics. Vol 4 (3).p.31-40.
  • Simmons P. and Spence E. (2006) The practice and ethics of media release journalism. Australian Journalism Review, Volume 28. July (1).
  • Hibbert Z. and Simmons P. (2006) War reporting and Australian defence public relations, an exchange. Prism. Volume 4, Issue 2. 
  • Xavier R., Johnston K., Patel A., Watson T., and Simmons P. (2005) Using evaluation techniques and performance claims to demonstrate public relations impact: An Australian perspective. Public Relations Review Greenwich:Sep 2005.  Vol. 31(3), 417-424.
  • Simmons P. and Watson T. (2005) Public relations evaluation in Australia – practices and attitudes across sectors and employment status. Asia Pacific Public Relations Journal Vol. 6, No. 1, 2005. 
  • Watson T. and Simmons P. (2004) Public relations evaluation – survey of Australian practitioners. Paper presented at the Australian New Zealand Communication Association Conference, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia.
  • Andrews B., Long I., Wilson R., and Simmons P. (2001) Identifying and overcoming the barriers to Aboriginal access to GP services in rural NSW. Australian Journal of Rural Health.

Book Chapters

  • Simmons, P. & Cunningham, I. (2013) Communication and sports officials. The Routledge Handbook of Sport Communication. Routledge.
  • Small F., Simmons, P. & Dowell, D. (2013) Teacher communication preferred over peer interaction: Student satisfaction with different tools in a virtual learning environment. Chapter 10 in H. Estelami (Ed) Frontiers of Distance Learning in Business Education. Newcastle, UK: Cambridge Scholars Publishing http://www.c-s-p.org/Flyers/Frontiers-of-Distance-Learning-in-Business-Education1-4438-4452-7.htm.

Keynote Presentations

  • Simmons, P. (2015, October) Wicked problems, co-operatives and communication challenges for the new millennium. Presentation at the ASEAN Co-operative Organisation Acotex convention held at the Putra World Trade Centre, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
  • Simmons, P. (2014, October) Challenges for Communicators in Future Australian Local Government. International Communication and Media Conference, Langkawi, Malaysia.

Peer-reviewed Paper Presentations

  • Simmons, P. & Mehmet, M. (2015, October). Subcultures in the online wilderness. Paper presented to Mention: International Communication and Media Conference, UKM, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
  • Simmons, P. (2014, July).Community engagement as 'core business' for communicators working in Australian local government. Presentation Australia and New Zealand Communication Association, Swinburne UT, Melbourne.
  • Simmons, P. (2013, November).The influence of Australian local government approaches to communication on community approval, staff turnover and media coverage. Presentation to 1st International Corporate and Marketing Communication in Asia Conference, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok.
  • Dowell, D., Simmons, P & Small, F. (2012, December) Grouping complainers: An investigation of Complaint Behaviours Using Segmentation Analysis of Service Dimensions. Paper presented to the Australian and New Zealand Marketing Academy (ANZMAC) Conference, Adelaide, Australia. http://www.anzmac12.com/ Simmons, P., Small F., (2012, November) Public relations practices in Australian local government authorities. Paper presented to the World Public Relations Forum, Melbourne, Australia.
  • Simmons, P. and Small, F. (2012, November) Politics, promotion and pavements. International Communication and Media Conference, Penang, Malaysia.
  • Small F., Simmons, P. and Dowell, D. (2012, June) Teacher communication preferred over peer interaction: Student satisfaction with different tools in a virtual learning environment. Paper presented at Frontiers of Distance Learning in Business Education Conference held at Fordham University, New York.
  • Simmons, P. & Walsh B. (2011, June) Fair call: Exploring the integration of justice and public relations, paper presented to International Public Relations Conference, Barcelona, Spain.
  • Alexander, D., Cameron, D., Carroll, J. & Simmons, P. (2010, July) "Future-proofing a strategic communication team for a major Australian government entity", paper presented to the Public Relations Conference, Bled, Slovenia. Prize: Best paper.
  • Simmons, P & Walsh B. (2010, July) Disliking public relations: Democracy and the habits of ethical communicators, paper presented to Australia and New Zealand Communication Association (ANZCA) Conference, University of Canberra, Canberra, Australia.
  • Simmons, P. & Tiung, L.K. (June, 2010) Communication and perceptions of fairness: A study of football players in Australia and Malaysia, paper presented to the I-Come International Communication and Media Conference, Malacca, Malaysia. Prize: Best quantitative paper.
  • Simmons, P. (2009, June) Player perceptions of fairness in football referee communication in Australia, Malaysia, Singapore, Spain and the UK, presentation to the 12th World Congress of Sport Psychologists, Marrakech, Morocco.
  • Simmons P. (2008) Measuring football player reactions to different referee communication behaviours. Paper presented to the III European Congress of Methodology, held in conjunction with the Society for Multivariate Analysis in the Behavioural and Social Sciences (SMABS) Oviedo, Spain.
  • Simmons P. (2008) Justice, culture and football referee communication. Paper presented to the I-Come International Communication and Media Conference, Universiti Utara Malaysia , Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
  • Simmons P. (2007) Fair call: Player perceptions of justice in football referee communication. Presentation at the Australia and New Zealand Communication Association (ANZCA) Conference, Melbourne University, Melbourne, Australia.
  • Simmons P. (2006) Loath to admit – pressures on ethical disclosure of news release sources. Paper presented to Association for Educators in Journalism and Mass Communication (AEJMC) convention. San Francisco, August, 2006.  3rd prize faculty paper – Media Ethics division Simmons P. (2006) Tackling abuse of officials: Attitudes and communication skills of experienced football referees. Paper presented at the Australia and New Zealand Communication Association (ANZCA) Conference, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia. http://www.adelaide.edu.au/anzca2006/conf_proceedings/
  • Simmons P. and Watson T. (2005) Public relations evaluation in Australia – practices and attitudes across sectors and employment status. Paper presented at the Public Relations Institute of Australia (PRIA) National Conference, Brisbane, Australia.
  • Watson T. and Simmons P. (2004) Public relations evaluation – survey of Australian practitioners. Paper presented at the Australian New Zealand Communication Association Conference, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia.

Other Presentations

  • Husain K, Nasirah A, Kamarudin, F, Simmons P &  Mehmet M, (2017, July). Untold narratives: Voices of FELCRA settlers towards Macaque monkeys in Hulu Melaka Malaysia. Presentation to Australia and New Zealand Communication Association, Sydney University, Sydney.
  • Nasirah A, Husain K, Nasirah A, Kamarudin, F, Simmons P &  Mehmet M, (2017, July). Communicating to Reduce Conflict Between Humans and Long-Tailed Macaques. Presentation to Australia and New Zealand Communication Association, Sydney University, Sydney.
  • Kamarudin, F, Nasirah A, Husain K, Nasirah A, Simmons P &  Mehmet M,  (2017, July). Conflicts of Human-Wildlife Co-Existence: Voices from the Authority. Presentation to Australia and New Zealand Communication Association, Sydney University, Sydney.
  • Simmons P (2017, July). Better to Shift Than to Shoot": A Communication Win for the Voiceless. Presentation to Australia and New Zealand Communication Association, Sydney University, Sydney.
  • Simmons P & Holland, T (2017, July). Communicating the future. Presentation to Australia and New Zealand Communication Association, Sydney University, Sydney.
  • West, J & Simmons, P. (2017, July).  The communications methods and change approaches used by consultant change practitioners in Commonwealth public sector change interventions. Presentation to Australia and New Zealand Communication Association, Sydney University, Sydney.
  • Wursch, L, Taylor, J & Simmons, P. (2017, July). 'Open but not blank': preliminary field work for exploration of the influence of Transactional Analysis on Internal Communication in a case organisation. Presentation to Australia and New Zealand Communication Association, Sydney University, Sydney.
  • Simmons, P (2016, September) Transparency and communication can improve wildlife welfare outcomes. Presentation to the International Islamic University of Malaysia (IIUM), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
  • Simmons, P. & Mehmet, M. (2016, April). Moral responsibility, economic advantage and the conflation of interests and attitudes towards kangaroo culling. Presentation at Land Dialogues Conference, SCCI, Wagga Wagga CSU, Australia.
  • Simmons, P. (2016, April). International interest, reputational considerations and attitudes to culling. Presentation to Bathurst Kangaroo Roundtable, Rahamim, Bathurst, Australia.
  • Simmons, P. & Mehmet, M. (2015). Communication research method challenges. Presentation at University technology, Melaka (UTEM) Malaysia.
  • Fox, I & Simmons, P. (2014) Unwelcome memories: An exploration of implications and ethics of The Western Advocate's 'Throwback Thursday'. Presentation to the National conference of the Journalism and Research Educators' Association of Australia, University of Technology, Sydney.
  • Cunningham, I, Simmons, P, Mascarenhas, D & Redhead, S (2014). Concepts of communication and interaction in sport officiating. Presentation to First International Conference on Sport officiating. University Blaise-pascal, Clermont Ferrand, France.
  • Cunningham, I, Simmons, P, Mascarenhas, D & Redhead, S (2014). An exploration of peak sport bodies' approaches to improving sport officials' communication. Presentation to Australia and New Zealand Communication Association (ANZCA) Conference, Swinburne University, Melbourne, Australia.
  • Simmons, P. (2013, November) Communication in Australian Local Government Authorities: A tool for good government. Presentation to the College of Local Administration, Khon Kaen University, Thailand.
  • Simmons, P. (2013, April). What's fair? Leadership communication in teaching. Presentation to Western Gateway Educational Community Combined staff development day. Wallerawang, NSW.
  • Simmons, P. (2013, February) Who are you and what do you want? Issues for Australian local government communicators. Presentation to Government Communications Australia, National Convention, Sydney.
  • Cunningham, I, Simmons, P & Mascarenhas, D. (2012, November) Sports Officiating Communication: 'Developing a Feel for the Game'. Paper presented to The Worlds of Football II: Heritage, Communities and Cultures international conference, Melbourne, Australia.
  • Simmons, P (2012, October) Accountability, awareness and advice: Communication in Australian local government. Presentation to the Government of Kota Kinabalu (DBKK), City Hall, Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia.
  • Simmons, P (2012, November) Fairness, communication and cooperation. Presentation to the University of Malaysia Sabah (UMS), Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia.
  • Simmons, P (2012, October) Fairness, communication and cooperation. Presentation to the University Putra Malaysia (UPM), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
  • Simmons, P (2012, October) Communicators in Australian Local Government. Presentation to the International Islamic University of Malaysia (IIUM), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
  • Simmons, P., Dowell, D. and Small, F. (2012, August). The influence of fairness on university student satisfaction.  Presentation at the 19th International Conference on Learning at The Institute of Education, University of London, UK.
  • Simmons, P. and Small, F. (2012, August) Communicators in Australian Local Government. Presentation delivered to National Local Government Public Relations Network at the Local Government and Shires Association NSW, Sydney.
  • Simmons, P. and Small, F. (2012, June) Communicators in Australian Local Government – preliminary findings. Presentation delivered to NSW Local Government Public Relations Network at the Local Government and Shires Association NSW, Sydney.
  • Simmons, P., Small, F. and Dowell, D. (2012) The Respectful Partnership and student satisfaction, presentation delivered to the National Practice-Based Education Summit, Charles Sturt University, Homebush, Australia.
  • Simmons, P. (2011) Satisfaction and perceived fairness of CSU and subjects, presentation delivered to CSUED2010 Conference, Charles Sturt University, Bathurst, Australia.
  • Simmons, P. (2011, July) Theorising football referee communication, paper delivered to: Theorising the Popular Conference, Liverpool Hope University, Liverpool, UK.
  • Simmons, P. (2010, June) Referee communication mitigates player uncertainty about decision correctness, paper delivered to: 2nd World Conference on Science and Soccer, Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University, Port Elizabeth, South Africa.
  • Simmons, P. (2010, June) Fairness as communication strategy for mitigating player uncertainty about referee decisions, paper delivered to The Economics and Psychology of Football. Investigating decision making phenomena in the beautiful game. Conference at Heythrop College, University of London.
  • Simmons, P. (2010, November) Justice, injustice and student perceptions subject delivery, presentation delivered to CSUED2010 Conference,Charles Sturt University, Bathurst, Australia.
  • Simmons, P. (2009, November) The influence of subject procedures and lecturer interaction on student perceptions of fairness, presentation delivered to CSUED2009 Conference, Charles Sturt University, Thurgoona, 2009.
  • Simmons, P. (2008, July) Session leader "Cross-cultural measures". III European Congress of Methodology, held in conjunction with the Society for Multivariate Analysis in the Behavioural and Social Sciences (SMABS) Oviedo, Spain.
  • Simmons, P. (2004) Evaluation practices of Australian PR practitioners, Local Government Public Relations Association Annual Convention,Sydney.
  • Simmons, P. (1995) The hospital's role in providing preadmission information to surgery patients, presentation delivered to the International Conference on Health Promotion held at Brunel University, London, England.
  • Simmons, P (1995) Health promotion and surgery: The Parkes hospital preadmission information package, presentation to 7th National health promotion conference. What's working, not working and networking in health promotion. Brisbane Hilton, Australia.
  • Simmons, P & Dunham, G (1993) I didn't know what to ask - patient admissions at Parkes District Hospital. Presentation to NSW Health Customer Focus Conference, Wesley Centre Sydney.
  • Middleton, J & Simmons, P (1991) Point of sale: nutrition promotion at Woolworths, presentation to 3rd Annual Health promotion conference: Nutrition and Exercise Programs. Crest Hotel, Sydney, Australia.

Other Publications

  • Simmons, P & Schoenmaker, S (2010) Effective Organisational Communication: Perspectives, Principles & Practices (3rd edition) by Richard Blundel and Kate Ippolito (2008). Book review in Journal of Communication Management, 14 (4) 390-392.
  • Simmons, P. (2009) Justice, culture and football referee communication, Final report of Joao Havelange Research Scholarship study to FIFA / CIES Scientific Committee, Switzerland.
  • Simmons, P (2006) The Hidden Hand in News, The Bulletin of Public and Corporate Communication. CSU: Gavin Anderson. Sydney . Iss.3.
  • Simmons, P (2005) Walking the Talk, The Bulletin of Public and Corporate Communication. CSU: Gavin Anderson. Sydney. Vol.1.Iss.1.
  • Newland J, Simmons P, Mackey, K, & Adair I. (1999) Governance Policies and Protocols: A Basic guide for Board Members of Divisions of General Practice.

 

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