Charles Sturt University
Charles Sturt University

Dr Brendon Hyndman

Dr Brendon Hyndman

BEd(PhysEd) Upper Class Honours (UB), GradCertEd(TerEd)(UB), PhD (HPE)(RMIT)

Dr Brendon Hyndman is a Senior Lecturer and Course Director of Postgraduate Studies in Education in the Faculty of Arts and Education at Charles Sturt University. He has previously worked in the School of Education at RMIT University, Charles Darwin University and Southern Cross University with roles that have included the Manager of the Bachelor of Teaching & Learning (Pre-service), Chair of School Board (Education), coordinator of Secondary PDHPE and Lecturing roles in Personal Development, Health and Physical Education (PDHPE) across over a dozen units in primary and secondary school teacher education. Dr Hyndman has widespread experience both advancing (as a researcher) and applying educational knowledge (as a qualified & registered school teacher) across a diverse range of primary, secondary and tertiary settings. He has been involved in teacher education for over 10 years. As of February 2018, Hyndman had generated a total of 50 peer reviewed publications (accepted, published or in press), 12 education practitioner publications and had presented 25 conference presentations locally, nationally and internationally. He has received approximately $170,000 in university research funding. In 2017, he had his biggest research year to date producing 30 high ranking peer reviewed publications. A major contributor in the prestigious publication The Conversation, he recently proposed a heat protection policy for Australian schools which had 35,000 readers within two weeks of publication.

Dr Hyndman’s research has been focused on schools as a crucial setting to develop students’ physical activity participation, health and wellbeing. His research has been guiding teacher awareness of the range of influences and strategies to develop students’ engagement in physical activities via both informal, pedagogical and curricular approaches. The originality, innovation and impact of Dr Brendon Hyndman’s research is showcased by the media interest in his studies both nationally and internationally. He has developed national policies related to health, one of his latest research projects into heat influences informed the Department of Education (NT) School Heat Policy Guidelines and his simulation pedagogy project for online pre-service teachers (http://bit.ly/2eiWeSa) received a letter of recognition from the Prime Minister's office. He is the editor and primary author of the book 'Contemporary school playground strategies for healthy students' and co-editor of the upcoming book titled 'Health and Education Interdependence' . As of February 2018, his work had been cited almost 300 times.

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Dr Hyndman's teaching areas of expertise include primary and secondary school Personal Development, Health and Physical Education (PDHPE) and has experience in supervising HDR students at other institutions. His Course Director portfolio can be viewed at: https://arts-ed.csu.edu.au/staff-contacts/course-director-portfolios

Current CSU Higher Degree Research (HDR) Student Supervision

StudentDegreeTitleRoleStatus
Chris Stevens PhD Use of screens and literacy in Secondary Schools Co-supervisor In progress

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Dr Hyndman's research has been focused on schools as a crucial setting to develop students' physical activity participation, health and overall wellbeing. As childhood is a time for students to understand the world through a variety of activities and play, his research has been guiding teacher awareness of the range of influences and strategies to develop students' engagement in physical activities via both informal, pedagogical, curricular and technological approaches. The originality, innovation and impact of Dr Brendon Hyndman's research is showcased by the interest and recognition in his studies both nationally and internationally. Check out his simulation pedagogy innovation for online pre-service teachers (http://bit.ly/2eiWeSa) which received national recognition.

Dr Hyndman is currently working on projects related to weather extremes, social media and technology in the area of Personal Development, Health and Physical Education (PDHPE).

Previous Research Funding/Grants

  • Hyndman B. Influences of heat across Northern NSW schools. SCU SoE Small Grant. $5000 (successful).
  • Geng, G., Midford, R., Hyndman., B., Buckworth, J., Kersten, T., & Disney, L. (2014). OLT grant.  $5000. Tapping into the teaching experiences of fourth year pre-service teachers to increase support & reduce stress for students in their first year. Charles Darwin University (successful).
  • Hyndman B, Papatraianou L. LEBA small grant. $5000. Engaging external preservice Health and Physical Education (HPE) teachers in simulated, point of view learning: The GoPro HPE trial 1.0. Charles Darwin University (revised funding received).
  • Mathur D, Hyndman B. LEBA Small Grant. $5000.Preventing obesity by design intervention: Outdoor play areas and physical activity levels in preschool children. Charles Darwin University (successful).
  • Hyndman, B., Te Ava, A., Doecke, P., & Pang, B. Developing Areas of Research Strengths (DARS) Grant.  $24,038. ‘The Cooling in Darwin Schools Physical Activity’ (CIDS-PA) Study (successful).
  • Te Ava, Hazelwood, Hyndman, Fry. Developing Areas of Research Strengths (DARS) Grant. $14,000. ‘Culturally Responsive Pedagogy (successful).
  • Australian Council for Health, Physical Education & Recreation NT Branch International Conference Grant (successful).
  • Australian Council for Health, Physical Education & Recreation (ACHPER) Northern Territory Branch Travel Grant to attend Victorian conference (successful).
  • Kidsafe Australia Travel Grant (successful).
  • $100,000 Doctoral Scholarship Funding (successful; RMIT University & Federation University Australia; 2009-2013).
  • $5500 International Conference Grant, Charles Darwin University (successful).
  • $2000 Travel Grant, Federation University Australia (successful).
  • $2000 Domestic Conference Grant, Charles Darwin University (successful).
  • $5000 HDR Funding Grant, Federation University Australia (successful).

Conference Awards

Best Presentation (Postgraduate category)
Hyndman, B., Telford, A., & Mooney, A. (2008). A comparison of teaching perspectives between undergraduate & graduate physical educators. Federation University Annual Research Conference 2008, Crossing Boundaries: connectivity, collaboration & confluence. Ballarat, Australia. November 5, 2008.

Best Research Presentation (Academic Poster category)
Hyndman, B. (2017). Creative Possibilities: The Lunchtime Enjoyment Activity and Play (LEAP) intervention. 30th ACHPER International Conference, Canberra, ACT, Australia. January 17, 2017.

  • Awarded fee exemption scholarship for Graduate Certificate of University Leadership and Management (2018)
  • 5th Highest Readership for an article at Southern Cross University (via The Conversation) for article on developing a heat policy ~35,000 readers)
  • Conference Promotion Award: 30th Australian Council for Health, Physical Education and Recreation (ACHPER) conference
  • Charles Darwin University Vice Chancellor’s Award for Exceptional Performance in Teaching and Learning (Group Citation) Nominee (2016)
  • Charles Darwin University Vice Chancellor’s Award for Exceptional Performance in Research (Emerging Researcher) Nominee (2015)
  • Federation University Alumni Award Nominee for academic excellence and research achievement (2016)
  • Northern Territory Tall Poppy Science Award Nominee for academic excellence and research achievement, 2016
  • LEAP intervention publication ranked the second most popular journal article in BMC Public Health in February, 2014 (Major international open access health journal; currently 10,000 accesses since publication).
  • Awarded by Golden Key International Honour Society for higher education academic results in the top 15% of the University (2012)
  • Highest article downloads for refereed journal article within the Environmental Public Health Sciences Commons (from a total of 281 authors; 2012)
  • Awarded fee exemption scholarship for Graduate Certificate of Education (Tertiary Education) (2011-2012)
  • RMIT Doctoral Scholarship (2011-2013)
  • Federation University Australia Doctoral Scholarship (2009-2010)
  • Confirmed Federation University Australia PhD Candidate-without revisions (2009)
  • Honours recommendation letter for top higher education results (2006)

Journal/Book Reviewer Panel Member

  • Routledge Book Publishing
  • Journal of Physical Activity & Health (Regular reviewer)
  • Health Promotion Journal of Australia (Regular reviewer)
  • Journal of Science & Medicine in Sport
  • BMC Public Health
  • European Physical Education Review
  • American Journal of Play
  • BMC Pediatrics

Media Engagement and Impact

Media Releases

Media Coverage (Selected LEAP Intervention media)

Media Coverage (Selected playground safety media)

Media Coverage (Influence of heat in schools)

Media Coverage (Simulation teaching pedagogy in Health and Physical Education Teacher Education)

Media Coverage (Proposed Heat Policy in Australian Schools)

Media Coverage (Selected media: Does Bad Weather Affect Student Performance in School?)

Cyclone Debbie: Will students lose out from school closures? http://www.abc.net.au/news/2017-03-31/cyclone-debbie-has-closed-schools-but-will-students-suffer/8405552

Media Coverage (Selected media: Call for schools to invigorate school playgrounds)

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CSU Committees/Leadership*

  • Faculty of Arts and Education Courses Committee
  • Teacher Education Leadership Team Committee
  • School of Education Assessment Committee
  • Course Review Lead: Master of Education (2017/2018)
  • Course Review Lead: Master of International Education (School Leadership) (2018/2019)
  • Course Director: Postgraduate Studies in Education

*Previous service roles at other institutions have included Chair of School Board across three university campuses and Chair of the Awards provision committee.

Community Engagement

Dr Hyndman has been involved with the Australian Council for Health, Physical Education & Recreation (ACHPER) as a State Executive Officer, State Board Member, International Conference Committee member, International Conference Scientific Committee member and is on the editorial board of ACHPER’s Active and Healthy Journal. The Active and Healthy Journal is Australia’s only national Health & Physical Education-specific practitioner publication (https://www.achper.org.au/publications/active-healthy-magazine).

Professional Associations/Memberships

  • Australian Council for Health Physical Education & Recreation (ACHPER)
  • Australian Association for Research in Education (AARE)
  • Australian Teacher Educators Association (ATEA)
  • International Association for Physical Education in Higher Education (AIESEP)

University Research Seminars Conducted

  • Brendon Hyndman. The GoPro Trial 1.0. School of Education symposium ‘Perspectives from the outside’. February, 2017.
  • Brendon Hyndman. How to use social media for research impact. Charles Darwin University Staff Workshop, 2016.
  • Brendon Hyndman. How to enhance your research impact. Charles Darwin University Faculty presentation, 2016.
  • Brendon Hyndman. Framing Research. ‘MEDI READY’ Workshop Presentation, International Graduate Centre of Education, Charles Darwin University. March, 2016.
  • Brendon Hyndman. Framing Research. ‘MEDI READY’ Workshop Presentation, International Graduate Centre of Education, Charles Darwin University. March, 2015.
  • Brendon Hyndman. Children’s enjoyment & participation in physical activity during school lunch breaks. Research Symposium, International Graduate Centre of Education, Charles Darwin University. September 3, 2014.
  • Brendon Hyndman. Social-ecological factors influencing the development of active play spaces in schools. Research Seminar, School of Medical Sciences, RMIT University, Bundoora. November 2, 2011.
  • Brendon Hyndman. The Preliminary Findings of the Lunchtime Enjoyment Activity & Play (LEAP) Intervention. Research Seminar, School of Medical Sciences, RMIT University, Bundoora. October 3, 2012. (> 80% positive seminar feedback from research criteria completed by audience).
  • Brendon Hyndman. Understanding the social-ecological influences within school playgrounds on students’ quality of life, enjoyment & participation in physical activities during school lunchtime. Research Seminar, School of Medical Sciences, RMIT University, Bundoora. July 2, 2013.
  • Brendon Hyndman. Understanding the social-ecological influences within school playgrounds on students’ quality of life, enjoyment & participation in physical activities during school lunchtime. Research Seminar, School of Education, RMIT University, Bundoora. October 25, 2013.
  • Brendon Hyndman. Children’s enjoyment of school playground activities. Research Commons. International Graduate Centre of Education, Charles Darwin University. April, 2015.
  • Brendon Hyndman. Quantitative statistics: collection, analyses, interpretation & presentation. Workshop. International Graduate Centre of Education, Charles Darwin University. September 2, 2015.

Other Presentations

Hyndman B. Presentation to 4th year B.Ed (PE) undergraduates on the experiences of teaching within London, UK, 2009.

Hyndman B, Swan H, Larkin P. The development of the Mentoring & Application of Professional Practice In New Geologists (MAPPING) program. Presentation to the academic board, Federation University Australia, Mt Helen, 2011.

Hyndman B. The importance of attending university. Presentation to St Patrick’s College VCE students. Ballarat, 2007.

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H-Index (average citations per publication)= 10

Edited Research Books

  • Hyndman, B (Editor). (2017). Contemporary school playground strategies for healthy students. Springer Nature, Singapore. URL: http://www.springer.com/gp/book/9789811047374
  • Midford R.,, Nutton, G., Hyndman, B., & Silburn, S. (Editors) (Forthcoming). Health and Education Interdependence. Springer Nature, Singapore.

Scholarly Book Chapters

  • Hyndman, B. (2017). The importance of school playgrounds for active, healthy students. In: Hyndman B, Editor. Contemporary school playground strategies for healthy students. Springer Nature, Singapore.
  • Hyndman, B. (2017). School playgrounds as a place of learning. In: Hyndman B, Editor. Contemporary school playground strategies for healthy students. Springer Nature, Singapore.
  • Hyndman, B. (2017). The state of playgrounds in Australian schools. In: Hyndman B, Editor. Contemporary school playground strategies for healthy students. Springer Nature, Singapore.
  • Chancellor, B., & Hyndman, B. (2017). Adult decisions within primary school playgrounds. In: Hyndman B, Editor. Contemporary school playground strategies for healthy students. Springer Nature, Singapore.
  • Hyndman, B. (2017). Personal influences on students within school playgrounds. In: Hyndman B, Editor. Contemporary school playground strategies for healthy students. Springer Nature, Singapore.
  • Hyndman, B. (2017). Surrounding environmental influences on students within school playgrounds. In: Hyndman B, Editor. Contemporary school playground strategies for healthy students. Springer Nature, Singapore.
  • Hyndman, B. (2017). Facility influences on students within school playgrounds. In: Hyndman B, Editor. Contemporary school playground strategies for healthy students. Springer Nature, Singapore.
  • Hyndman, B. (2017). The influence of rules and regulations on students within school playgrounds. In: Hyndman B, Editor. Contemporary school playground strategies for healthy students. Springer Nature, Singapore.
  • Hyndman, B. (2017). Measurement of students’ playground activity levels. In: Hyndman B, Editor. Contemporary school playground strategies for healthy students. Springer Nature, Singapore.
  • Hyndman, B. (2017). What students want within school playgrounds to be active and healthy. In: Hyndman B, Editor. Contemporary school playground strategies for healthy students. Springer Nature, Singapore.
  • Hyndman, B. (2017). What students want within school playground to feel safe. In: Hyndman B, Editor. Contemporary school playground strategies for healthy students. Springer Nature, Singapore.
  • Hyndman, B. (2017). Students’ enjoyment of school playground activities. In: Hyndman B, Editor. Contemporary school playground strategies for healthy students. Springer Nature, Singapore.
  • Hyndman, B. (2017). School playground strategies to promote structured activities. In: Hyndman B, Editor. Contemporary school playground strategies for healthy students. Springer Nature, Singapore.
  • Hyndman, B. (2017). School playground strategies to promote unstructured activities. In: Hyndman B, Editor. Contemporary school playground strategies for healthy students. Springer Nature, Singapore.
  • Hyndman, B. (2017). Evaluating the translatability and feasibility of school playground interventions. In: Hyndman B, Editor. Contemporary school playground strategies for healthy students. Springer Nature, Singapore.
  • Hyndman, B. (2017). Recommendations for future school playground intervention research. In: Hyndman B, Editor. Contemporary school playground strategies for healthy students. Springer Nature, Singapore.

Refereed Journal articles

  • Harvey, S., & Hyndman, B (In press). An Investigation into the Reasons Physical Education Professionals use Twitter. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education.
  • Hyndman, B & Mahony, L. (2018). Developing creativity through outdoor physical activities: a qualitative exploration of contrasting school equipment provisions. Journal of Adventure Education and Outdoor Learning. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14729679.2018.1436078
  • Hyndman, B & Pill, S. (2017).The Curriculum Analysis of Senior Education in Physical Education (CASE-PE) study. Curriculum Perspectives 37 (2), 147-160.
  • Hyndman, B. (2017). Perceived Social-Ecological Barriers of Generalist Pre-Service Teachers towards Teaching Physical Education: Findings from the GET-PE study. Australian Journal of Teacher Education 42(7). http://dx.doi.org/10.14221/ajte.2017v42n7.3
  • Pill, S., Harvey, S & Hyndman, B. (2017). Novel research approaches to gauge global teacher familiarity with Tactical Games Models in Physical Education: An exploratory #Twitter analysis.Asia Pacific Journal of Health, Sport and Physical Education. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/18377122.2017.1315953
  • Hyndman B. (2017). A Simulation Pedagogical Approach to Engaging Generalist Pre-service Teachers in Physical Education Online: The GoPro Trial 1.0. Australian Journal of Teacher Education 42 (1). DOI: http://ro.ecu.edu.au/ajte/vol42/iss1/6
  • Hyndman B, Pill S. (2017). What’s in a concept? A Leximancer text mining analysis of physical literacy across the international literature. European Physical Education Review. URL: https://doi.org/10.1177/1356336X17690312
  • Mahony L, Hyndman B, Nutton G, Smith S, Te Ava, A. (2017). Monkey bars, noodles and a car park: a comparative analysis of social interaction in two school ground contexts. International Journal of Play. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/21594937.2017.1348319
  • Hyndman B. (2017). Heat-Smart schools during physical education activities: Developing a policy to protect students from extreme heat. Learning Communities Journal: International Journal of Learning in Social Contexts (Special Edition). www.cdu.edu.au/northern-institute/lcj/10.18793/LCJ2017.21.06
  • Hyndman B, & Papatraianou, L. (2017). The technological integration of a simulation pedagogical approach for physical education: The GoPro PE trial 1.0. Learning Communities Journal: International Journal of Learning in Social Contexts (Special Edition). www.cdu.edu.au/northern-institute/lcj/10.18793/LCJ2017.21.02
  • Hyndman B, Chancellor B. (2017). Are secondary school environments conducive for active play opportunities? An objective assessment across Australian secondary school playgrounds. International Journal of Play 6 (1). URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21594937.2017.1288385
  • Hyndman B, Pill S. (2016). The influences on teaching perspectives of Australian physical education teacher education students: The First-year Influences on Teaching Perspectives Exploratory (FIT-PE) study. Australian Journal of Teacher Education 41(5). URL: http://ro.ecu.edu.au/ajte/vol41/iss5/7/
  • Hyndman B, Benson AC, Lester L, Telford A. (2016). Is there a relationship between primary school children’s enjoyment of recess physical activities and health-related quality of life? A cross-sectional exploratory study.Health Promotion Journal of Australia 28 (1), 37-43.URL:http://www.publish.csiro.au/?paper=HE15128
  • Chancellor, B, Hyndman B. (2017).The Rush to Judgement: Mapping moral geographies of the primary school playground. Global Studies of Childhood Journal, Special edition: Regulating Childhoods: Disrupting the Discourses of Control 7 (1). URL: http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/2043610617694731
  • Hyndman B, Mahony L, Te Ava A, Smith S, Nutton G. (2016). Complementing the Australian Health and Physical Education (HPE) Curriculum: Exploring students’ HPE learning within varying school ground contexts. Education 3-13: International Journal of Primary, Elementary and Early Years Education. 44 (2), 1-16. URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03004279.2016.1152282
  • Hyndman B, Benson A, Telford A. (2016). Active play: Exploring the influences on children’s active play within school playgrounds. American Journal of Play, 8(3), 325-344.
  • Hyndman B. (2016). A qualitative investigation of Australian youth perceptions to enhance school physical activity: The Environmental Perceptions Investigation of Children’s Physical Activity  (EPIC-PA) study. Journal of Physical Activity & Health, 13 (5), 543-550. URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26529055
  • Hyndman B. (2015). Where to next for school playground interventions to encourage active play? An exploration of structured & unstructured school playground strategies. Journal of Occupational Therapy, Schools, & Early Intervention 8 (1), 56-67. URL: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/19411243.2015.1014956#.VYn3MO2qpHw
  • Hyndman B, Chancellor B, Lester L. (2015). Exploring the seasonal influences on elementary school children’s enjoyment of physical activity during school breaks. Health Behavior & Policy Review 2 (3), 182-193. URL: http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/psp/hbpr/2015/00000002/00000003/art00002
  • Hyndman B, Lester L. (2015). The Relationship between Elementary School Children's Enjoyment of School Playground Activities & Participation in Physical Activity during Lunchtime Recess. Children, Youth & Environment 25 (1), 80-99. URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.7721/chilyoutenvi.25.1.0080
  • Hyndman B, Telford A. (2015). Should Educators be ‘Wrapping School Playgrounds in Cotton Wool’ to Encourage Physical Activity? Exploring Primary & Secondary Students’ Voices from the School Playground. Australian Journal of Teacher Education 40 (6). URL: http://ro.ecu.edu.au/ajte/vol40/iss6/4
  • Hyndman B, Chancellor B. (2015). Engaging students in activities beyond the classroom walls: A social-ecological exploration of Australian primary school students’ enjoyment of recess break activities. Journal of Playwork Practice, 2 (2), 113-136. URL: www.ingentaconnect.com/contentone/tpp/jpp/2015/00000002/00000002/art00002
  • Hyndman B, Lester L. (2015).  The Accelerometer Intensities from Movable Playground & Lunchtime Activities in Youth (AIM-PLAY) study. Children, Youth & Environments, 25 (3), 109-128. URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.7721/chilyoutenvi.25.3.0109
  • Hyndman B, Benson AC, Telford A. (2014). Evaluating the effects of the Lunchtime Enjoyment Activity & Play (LEAP) school playground intervention on children's quality of life, enjoyment & participation in physical activity. BMC Public Health 14 (164). URL: http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2458/14/164/
  • Hyndman B, Benson AC, Ullah S, Telford A. (2014). A guide for educators to move beyond conventional school playgrounds: the RE-AIM evaluation of the Lunchtime Enjoyment Activity Play (LEAP) intervention. Australian Journal of Teacher Education 39 (1). URL: http://ro.ecu.edu.au/ajte/vol39/iss1/6/
  • Hyndman B. (2014). Exploring the differences in teaching perspectives between Australian pre-service & graduate physical education teachers. 2014. Journal of Physical Education & Sport 14 (4), 438-445. URL: http://efsupit.ro/images/stories/nr4.2014/Art%2067.pdf
  • Hyndman B, Telford A, Finch CF, Ullah S, Benson AC. (2014). Children’s enjoyment of play during school lunch breaks: An examination of intra- & inter-day reliability. Journal of Physical Activity & Health 11 (1), 109-117. URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/jpah.2011-0200
  • Hyndman B, Telford A, Finch CF, Ullah S, Benson AC. (2013). The Development of the Lunchtime Enjoyment of Activity & Play Questionnaire. Journal of School Health 83(4), 256-264. URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/josh.12025/full
  • Hyndman B, Telford A, Benson AC, Finch CF. (2012). Moving physical activity beyond the school classroom: A social-ecological insight for teachers of the facilitators & barriers to students’ non-curricular physical activity. 2012. Australian Journal of Teacher Education 37 (2). URL: http://ro.ecu.edu.au/ajte/vol37/iss2/1/

Refereed Conference Papers

  • Hyndman B. (2015). Looking beyond the classroom walls: An insight for teachers of primary & secondary students' perceptions to enhance the school physical activity environment. Proceedings of the 29th Australian Council for Health, Physical Education & Recreation (ACHPER) International Conference, Adelaide, p89-101. URL: http://bit.ly/2lem4p3
  • Hyndman, B., Telford, A., & Finch, C. (2010). What components of school play spaces would encourage children to be physically active? Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport12, e141-e142.
  • Hyndman B. (2015). Engaging students in activities beyond the classroom: A social-ecological exploration of primary school students’ enjoyment of school-based physical activities. Proceedings of the 29th Australian Council for Health, Physical Education & Recreation (ACHPER) International Conference, Adelaide, p80-88. URL: http://bit.ly/2m0apPm
  • Hyndman, B. P. (2016). Creative Possibilities: The Lunchtime Enjoyment Activity and Play (LEAP) Intervention. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport87(S2), A77.

Other Research Outputs (‘Sample’ of Articles Across Other Academic Platforms/Practitioner Publications)

Published Educational Talks:

Hyndman B. The benefits to schools of the informal curriculum. Teacher Magazine Expert Research Talk Launch. Australian Council of Education Research, Camberwell, VIC. URL: http://teacher.acer.edu.au/teacher/article/the-research-files.

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